For example, quite a few locals prefer to call the Ruhr either "Pott", which is a derivate of "Pütt" pitmen's term for mine ; cp. A consequence of the marine influence is a cloudy and wet climate with low sunshine hours. German troops "plundered huge quantities of livestock, grain and dairy produce", enough to feed themselves and to create substantial reserves for the Reich. Start Here No thanks.
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Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. This item will ship to Canada , but the seller has not specified shipping options. The Ruhr has an oceanic climate in spite of its inland position, with mildening winds from the Atlantic travelling over the lowlands to moderate temperature extremes, in spite of its relatively northerly latitude that sees significant variety in daylight hours. A consequence of the marine influence is a cloudy and wet climate with low sunshine hours. Summers normally average in the low 20s, with winters being somewhat above the freezing point.
The local dialect of German is commonly called Ruhrdeutsch or Ruhrpottdeutsch , although there is really no uniform dialect that justifies designation as a single dialect. It is rather a working-class sociolect with influences from the various dialects found in the area and changing even with the professions of the workers.
A major common influence stems from the coal mining tradition of the area. For example, quite a few locals prefer to call the Ruhr either "Pott", which is a derivate of "Pütt" pitmen's term for mine ; cp. During the nineteenth century, the Ruhr attracted up to , ethnic Poles , Masurians and Silesians from East Prussia and Silesia in a migration known as Ostflucht flight from the east. By , the Ruhrgebiet had around 3,, inhabitants. Most of the new inhabitants came from Eastern Europe, but immigrants also came from France , Ireland , and the United Kingdom.
It has been claimed that immigrants came to the Ruhr from over different countries. Almost all their descendants today speak German as a first language, and for various reasons, they do not identify with their Polish roots and traditions, often their Polish family names only remain as a sign of their past. The Industrial Heritage Trail German: Route der Industriekultur links tourist attractions related to the European Route of Industrial Heritage in the Ruhr area.
Ruhr is known for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation. Ruhr has three major opera houses and more than 10 theaters and stages. Each year in spring time, there is the Klavier-Festival Ruhr in the Ruhr area with 50 to 80 events of classical and jazz music. The Ruhr region has with 22 universities and colleges and more than ,  students, the highest density of further education establishments anywhere in Germany.
These include five universities alone in the cities of Bochum , Duisburg , Dortmund , Essen and Witten. In addition, Folkwang University of the Arts is an internationally acclaimed art college with its base in the Ruhr region.
Furthermore, the universities are not the only places in the Ruhr region where academic qualifications can be obtained. There are 17 different universities of applied sciences which offer students to have the opportunity to undertake practice-relevant and qualified studies in various subjects, such as economics, logistics, administration or management . Students enrolled at one of the UA Ruhr universities can attend lectures and seminars at all three institutions without having to pay a visiting student fee.
Consequently, they have many options to specialize in and to explore their chosen disciplines in depth. All public transport companies in the Ruhr region are run under the umbrella of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr , which provides a uniform ticket system valid for the entire area.
The Ruhr region is well-integrated into the national rail system, the Deutsche Bahn , for both passenger and goods services, each city in the region has at least one or more train stations. The bigger central stations have hourly direct connections to the bigger European cities as Amsterdam , Brussels , Paris , Vienna or Zürich. The Ruhr area also contains the longest tram system in the world, with tram and Stadtbahn services from Witten to Krefeld.
Originally the system was even bigger, it was possible to travel from Unna to Bad Honnef without using railway or bus services. The A1, A2 and A3 are mostly used by through traffic, while the other autobahns have a more regional function.
Both the A44 and the A52 have several missing links, in various stages of planning. Some missing sections are currently in construction or planned to be constructed in the near future. Additional expressways serve as bypasses and local routes, especially around Dortmund and Bochum. The first Autobahns in the Ruhr opened during the mids. Due to the density of the network, and the number of alternative routes, traffic volumes are generally lower than other major metropolitan areas in Europe.
Traffic congestion is an everyday occurrence, but far less so than in the Randstad in the Netherlands, another polycentric urban area. Most important Autobahns have six lanes, but there are no eight-lane Autobahns in the Ruhr. It is served by the Düsseldorf Flughafen and Düsseldorf Flughafen Terminal railway stations , with its several parking lots, terminals and stations being connected by the Skytrain.
Dortmund Airport in the Eastern Ruhr is a mid-sized airport, offering scheduled flights to domestic and European destinations and its approximately 1. Bundesautobahn 52 in Mülheim. Located in the East of the Ruhr is Dortmund Airport.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the urban area. For the namesake river, see Ruhr river. For other uses, see Ruhr disambiguation. Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. History of the Ruhr. This article possibly contains original research.
Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. List of cities in Germany with more than , inhabitants. North Rhine-Westphalia portal Germany portal Energy portal. This is a belt of low and level land on the northern edge of the uplands, known as the Sauerland through which flows the Ruhr from east to west" Dickinson , p.
Wengeberg in Breckerfeld , lowest: Retrieved 31 July Von der Steinzeit bis zur Kulturhauptsatdt " part 2". The Journal of European Economic History. Von der Steinzeit bis zur Kulturhauptsatdt " part 3". The Industrialisation of Soviet Russia Volume 6: Young african woman sleeping in her bed at night, she is resting with eyes closed. Vector illustration of a Christmas market with people shopping, drinking mulled wine and having a rest with their family.
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