Eine Erholung der Kurse führte zu Wertsteigerungen am Aktienmarkt. In accordance with the customs of his people, Abdul Aziz headed a polygamous household comprising several wives and concubines. April um Archived from the original on 8 October
This included an end to traditionally sanctioned rites of pilgrimage, recognized by the orthodox schools of jurisprudence, but at odds with those sanctioned by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab. In , after a caravan of Egyptians on the way to Mecca were beaten by his forces for playing bugles, he was impelled to issue a conciliatory statement to the Egyptian government. In fact, several such statements were issued to Muslim governments around the world as a result of beatings suffered by the pilgrims visiting the holy cities of Mecca and Medina.
With his rivals eliminated, Ibn Saud's ideology was in full force, ending nearly years of accepted religious practices surrounding the Hajj , the majority of which were sanctioned by a millennium of scholarship. Ibn Saud established a Shura Council of the Hijaz as early as This Council was later expanded to 20 members, and was chaired by the king's son, Faisal. Ibn Saud was able to gain loyalty from tribes near Saudi Arabia, tribes such as those in Jordan. For example, he built very strong ties with Prince Rashed Al-Khuzai from the Al Fraihat tribe, one of the most influential and royally established families during the Ottoman Empire.
The Prince and his tribe had dominated eastern Jordan before the arrival of Sharif Hussein. Ibn Saud supported Prince Rashed and his followers in rebellion against Hussein. Prince Rashed supported Izz ad-Din al-Qassam 's defiance in which led him and his followers in rebellion against Abdullah I of Jordan. In , when they were forced to leave Jordan, Prince Rashed Al Khuzai, his family, and a group of his followers chose to move to Saudi Arabia, where Prince Rashedi lived for several years in Ibn Saud's hospitality.
In the last stage of the war, Ibn Saud met significant political figures. One of these meetings, which lasted for three days, was with U. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on 14 February While most of the royal family desired luxuries such as gardens, splendid cars, and palaces, Ibn Saud wanted a royal railway from the Persian Gulf to Riyadh and then an extension to Jeddah. This was regarded by all of his advisers living in the country as an old man's folly.
It was completed in and was used commercially after the king's death. It enabled Riyadh to grow into a relatively modern city. But when a paved road was built in , the railway lost its traffic. In accordance with the customs of his people, Abdul Aziz headed a polygamous household comprising several wives and concubines. According to some sources, he had twenty-two consorts. Many of his marriages were contracted in order to cement alliances with other clans, during the period when the Saudi state was founded and stabilized.
Abdul Aziz was the father of almost a hundred children, including forty-five sons. He was a heavy man standing between 1. Ibn Saud was said to be very close to his paternal aunt, Jawhara bint Faisal. From a young age, she ingrained in him a strong sense of family destiny and motivated him to regain the lost glory of the House of Saud. During the years when the Saud family were living almost as refugees in Kuwait , Jawhara bint Faisal frequently recounted the deeds of his ancestors to Abdulaziz and exhorted him not to be content with the existing situation.
She was instrumental in making him decide to return to Najd from Kuwait and regain the territories of his family. She was well educated in Islam, in Arab custom and in tribal and clan relationships. She remained among the king's most trusted and influential advisors all her life.
Ibn Saud asked her about the experiences of past rulers and the historical allegiance and the roles of tribes and individuals. Jawhara was also deeply respected by the king's children.
Ibn Saud visited her daily until she died around Ibn Saud was also very close to his sister Noura , who was one year older than him. On several occasions, he identified himself in public with the words: On 15 March , armed men attacked and tried to assassinate Ibn Saud during his performance of Hajj. He appointed his second son Prince Saud heir to the Saudi throne in He had many quarrels with his elder brother Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman as to who should be appointed heir.
Muhammad wanted his son Khalid to be designated the heir. His eldest son was Turki Al Awwal , who was the Crown Prince of the Kingdoms of Nejd and Hejaz, but Turki died at age 18, predeceasing his father, and his younger full-brother was appointed Crown Prince. Had Turki not died, he would have been the Crown Prince.
Ibn Saud had 45 sons, of whom 36 survived to adulthood. Ten of his sons were capable enough to be candidates for the succession. Of these ten, six became king. Muhammad, Sultan, Nayef and Muqrin were crown prince but never succeeded to the throne.
Muhammad resigned from the post, Sultan and Nayef predeceased King Abdullah, and Muqrin was removed from the post. In regard to essential values for the state and people, he said, "Two things are essential to our state and our people Amani Hamdan argues that the attitude of Ibn Saud towards women's education was encouraging since he expressed his support in a conversation with St John Philby in which he stated, "It is permissible for women to read.
His last words to his two sons, the future King Saud and the next in line Prince Faisal, who were already battling each other, were "You are brothers, unite! In October , Ibn Saud was seriously ill due to heart disease. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Abdulaziz Al Saud. Not to be confused with Muhammad ibn Saud or Ibn Sa'd.
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For more guidance, see Wikipedia: Al Oud cemetery , Riyadh. It is generally accepted as , although a few sources give it as According to British author Robert Lacey 's book The Kingdom , a leading Saudi historian found records that show Ibn Saud in greeting an important tribal delegation. The historian reasoned that a nine or ten-year-old child as given by the birth date would have been too young to be allowed to greet such a delegation, while an adolescent of 15 or 16 as given by the date would likely have been allowed.
When Lacey interviewed one of Ibn Saud's sons [ which? Ibn Saud's response to such records was reportedly that "I swallowed four years of my life. When used without comment it refers solely to Abdul-Aziz, although prior to the capture of Riyadh in it referred to his father, Abdul Rahman Lacey , pp.
Retrieved 23 August Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 28 July Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 25 April Middle East Studies Association Bulletin. Retrieved 29 April Retrieved 21 July The Arab of the Desert. Retrieved 10 January Britain and Saudi Arabia, — Frank Cass and Company. A study in ambiguity" PDF. Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 7 August Archived from the original PDF on 16 September Retrieved 5 April Cordesman 30 October Politics and internal stability" PDF.
Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 25 October Archived from the original on 8 October Entsprechend mussten die Kurse am einheimischen Aktienmarkt Verluste hinnehmen. Oktober beendete der Aktienindex den Handel bei 2. Durch die Krisen waren die Anleger in Saudi-Arabien nervös geworden und es kam zu einem verstärkten Kapitalabfluss. Der Verlust seit Oktober beträgt 34,4 Prozent.
Einheimische Investoren legten ihre Petro-Dollars verstärkt im eigenen Land an, während sie bei früheren Aufschwüngen ihr Geld mehr in den Industriestaaten investiert hatten. März beendete das Börsenbarometer erstmals den Handel über der Grenze von 5.
März zum ersten Mal über der Die Grenze von September und die Vier Tage später, am Februar , markierte der saudi-arabische Leitindex mit einem Schlussstand von Der Gewinn seit März liegt bei 1. Juni um 66,7 Prozent auf einen Schlussstand von 6. In den folgenden sieben Monaten erholte sich der Index von seinen Tiefständen.
Januar schloss der TASI bei Quartal wirkte sich die Krise zunehmend auf die Realwirtschaft aus. In der Folge brachen die Aktienkurse weltweit ein. Einen neuen Tiefststand erzielte das Börsenbarometer am 9. März , als es den Handel bei 4. Das entspricht seit dem Januar einem Rückgang um 65,3 Prozent. März markiert den Wendepunkt der Talfahrt.
April stieg er um 67,8 Prozent auf einen Schlussstand von 6. März um 23,2 Prozent auf 5.
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