Die Zweiheit menschlicher Erkenntnis als Baugesetz einer kritischen Begründung der Metaphysik

ABOUT PHD > THE PHD > is a non-government international organisation for professionals and non-professionals in various fiels. Human being is at the center of its activities.

Life expectancy at birth years. Concentration index exports value. Homicide rate per , people. Sex ratio at birth male to female births. Prison population per , people.

Global Launch of 2016 Human Development Report

The World Bank Group works in every major area of development. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face.

Mean years of schooling years. Mean years of schooling, female years. Mean years of schooling, male years. Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school number of pupils per teacher. Coefficient of human inequality. Income inequality, Gini coefficient. Income inequality, Palma ratio. Income inequality, quintile ratio. Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index. Adolescent birth rate births per 1, women ages Mandatory paid maternity leave days. Maternal mortality ratio deaths per , live births. Total unemployment rate female to male ratio.

Youth unemployment rate female to male ratio. Human Security Homicide rate per , people. Homicide rate per , people. Homeless people due to natural disaster average annual per million people. Prison population per , people. Für den Report gelten:. Es existieren drei Hauptindizes, wobei die Bildung in drei Unterindizes aufgespalten ist: So wurde im alten HDI für den Teilindex B auch die Alphabetisierungsrate der Erwachsenen mit zwei Dritteln Gewichtung gezählt und die kombinierte primäre, sekundäre und tertiäre Bruttoeinschulungsquote mit einem Drittel der Gewichtung.

Da man Schulen und Lehrkraftqualifikationen in Entwicklungsländern jedoch nicht mit denen in Industrieländern gleichsetzen kann, wurde der Index zugunsten der reinen Schuldauer und erwarteten Ausbildungszeit neu geschaffen.

Die grundlegende Motivation für die Entwicklung des Index der menschlichen Entwicklung war nach Amartya Sen die mangelnde Aussagekraft vorheriger Messinstrumente z.

Beurteilung der Entwicklung nach dem Bruttoinlandsprodukt. Der HDI sollte eine Messung des Entwicklungsstandes ermöglichen, die eher den Bedürfnissen der Menschen entspricht und soviele Aspekte der Entwicklung berücksichtigt, als es einem relativ simplen Index möglich ist.

The basic objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long, healthy and creative lives.

This may appear to be a simple truth. But it is often forgotten in the immediate concern with the accumulation of commodities and financial wealth. Das mag wie eine einfache Wahrheit erscheinen, gerät jedoch häufig in Vergessenheit hinter dem Anliegen der Anhäufung materieller Güter und finanziellen Reichtums.

Die Aussagekraft des HDI wird kontrovers diskutiert. Streitpunkt ist etwa die Gewichtung der Aspekte der menschlichen Entwicklung, wobei unterschiedliche Beurteilungen darüber herrschen, welche Aspekte einzubeziehen sind und wie hoch diese beurteilt werden sollten. The latest report was released on 14 September and is based on data collected in It stated that while the HDI remains useful, "the IHDI is the actual level of human development accounting for inequality " and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of "potential" human development or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality ".

This situation tends to lower the ranking for some of the most advanced countries, such as the G7 members and others. The Human Development Index HDI is a composite statistic of life expectancy , education , and income per capita indicators.

A country scores higher HDI when the life expectancy at birth is longer, the education period is longer, and the income per capita is higher. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed , a developing or an underdeveloped country. The UN report covers member states of the United Nations out of , along with Hong Kong and Palestine ; 7 UN member states are not included because of lack of data.

The average HDI of regions of the world and groups of countries are also included for comparison. Countries fall into four broad human development categories: From to , the first category was referred to as developed countries, and the last three are all grouped in developing countries.

The original "high human development" category has been split into two as above in the report for The first index was launched in , and the only year without a Human Development Report since was The latest index—covering countries—was launched on 14 September The publication uses an older version of the HDI formula and classification standard.

The ranges are 0—0. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of African countries by Human Development Index. List of European countries by Human Development Index. Region or group rankings [1] rankings [1] rankings [1] rankings [1] Very high human development OECD 0. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. Taiwan's government calculated its HDI to be 0. Retrieved 14 September Pathways to Human Development p. Commission of the European Communities.

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