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He had the Capuchins come there, who soon founded a monastery from which arose today's Catholic parish church and the monastery building. In , in the Nine Years' War known in Germany as the Pfälzischer Erbfolgekrieg , or War of the Palatine Succession , the French burnt the town down, which is why there are only a few traces of pre-Baroque architecture in town.
It was only in that the long overdue reform to the Gregorian Calendar was implemented in Grünstadt and the rest of the county, heretofore having been boycotted for religious reasons because it was instituted by Pope Gregory XIII. Since both the family castles of Altleiningen and Neuleiningen had also been burnt down, the two comital lines both settled in Grünstadt beginning in , made it a common residence town and took turns ruling. For about years, Grünstadt remained the capital of the county of Leiningen-Westerburg.
In , the first Reformed church service was held in Grünstadt. In the time that followed, the Reformed Church's followers were subjected to great oppression, mainly by the Lutheran clergy. They were not allowed to build their own church, and they were even forbidden to bury their dead at the local graveyard.
They were instead buried in a barn, where the community also met for its services. He wrote to royalty for instance, King Frederick II of Prussia and eventually forced formal tolerance of the Reformed Church in the county. In , Count Georg Hermann at Leiningen-Westerburg-Altleiningen founded a Latin school in Grünstadt, as a successor institution to the monastery school at Höningen nowadays an outlying centre of Altleiningen.
From this arose first a Progymnasium and then today's Leininger- Gymnasium. In the War of the First Coalition , there was fighting in the area around Grünstadt between and with the occupiers changing among the Austrians , the French and the Prussians. In , the man who would later become Field Marshal von Blücher , but who at this time was a colonel in the Prussian Red Hussars, procured quarters in the town.
According to local lore, he rode his horse up the outdoor stairway that then stood at the now former town hall and made a speech to the townsfolk. Grünstadt remained French until After Napoleon's downfall, Grünstadt passed in to the Kingdom of Bavaria.
It remained Bavarian for exactly years, until the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate was founded in In , Grünstadt acquired a rail link on the Bad Dürkheim - Monsheim railway with its own station.
In the First World War — , inhabitants of Grünstadt fell, in whose memory in a templelike memorial was built in a prominent spot on the Grünstadter Berg. In the Second World War — , Grünstadt was repeatedly the target of air raids to which, among others, Saint Martin's Church fell victim.
As a result of wartime events, people lost their lives, soldiers and civilian victims of bombings. As well, the town's very old and important Jewish community was swept away in this time by deportation and emigration, although the Baroque synagogue and the Jewish graveyard east of town have been preserved.
On 20 March , American troops occupied the town area; the French military followed them on 7 July On 7 June , the formerly autonomous localities of Asselheim and Sausenheim were amalgamated with the town. Grünstadt was once one of the most important Jewish communities in the Palatinate. In , more than ten percent of the town's population was Jewish.
It simply ceased to exist. The rest belonged to other faiths or adhered to none. The council is made up of 28 honorary council members, who were elected at the municipal election held on 7 June , and the full-time mayor as chairman. The municipal election held on 7 June yielded the following results: The German blazon reads: In Grün ein rotbewehrter silberner Adler, bewinkelt von vier gleichschenkligen goldenen Kreuzchen.
The town's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Vert an eagle displayed argent armed and langued gules among four Greek crosses in fess Or, two in chief, and two in base. The arms were approved in by the Bavarian prince regent Luitpold and go back to a court seal from In Grünstadt, the tradition of the Stabausstecken has been kept, or has at least been given new life.
Furthermore, the re-opened Eis Valley Railway runs into the Palatinate Forest to the Eiswoog a reservoir and hiking destination near Ramsen. Formerly this line reached all the way to Enkenbach. Besides its own town administration, Grünstadt harbours the administration of the Verbandsgemeinde of Leiningerland , even though the town itself is in neither this nor any other Verbandsgemeinde.
Grünstadt has at its disposal an Amtsgericht that belongs to the state court region Landgerichtsbezirk of Frankenthal and the high state court region Oberlandesgerichtsbezirk of Zweibrücken. In the town is found a bed hospital with an adjoining day clinic 12 places.
The sponsor is the Bad Dürkheim district. Besides three primary schools , a Hauptschule and a Realschule , there is the Leininger Gymnasium , which is steeped in tradition and rooted in the old Höningen Latin School.
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