Paul Glimcher

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In , Glimcher and co-authors explained how a preexisting survey-based methodology for valuing public environmental goods e.

"Aktienhändler" English translation

Paul W. Glimcher (born November 3, ) is an American neuroeconomist, neuroscientist, psychologist, economist, scholar, and entrepreneur. He is one of the foremost researchers focused on the study of human behavior and decision-making, and is known for his central role in founding and developing the field of neuroeconomics which takes an.

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His father, Arne Glimcher , was the founder of the renowned New York City-based Pace Gallery , the second largest private art gallery in the world. In Glimcher received an A. In he received a Ph. Working with Professor David Sparks University of Pennsylvania researching the brainstem and mesencephalic nuclei that control eye rotations, Glimcher uncovered evidence that structures participating in the execution of saccadic eye movements might be involved in planning those movements as well.

Since that time, his methodologies have broadened to include techniques from experimental economics, behavioral economics, econometrics, and brain imaging, most notably pioneering the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI for behavioral research. His work has pioneered the notion of subjective value, which is widely identified as the neurobiological correlate of economic utility. In , he founded the Center for Neuroeconomics at New York University, one of the first research centers ever dedicated to the field.

The field of neuroeconomics began to develop in the late s as a natural out-growth of the maturation of many different disciplines——such as neuroscience, psychology, and economics——happening all at once. Glimcher was instrumental in facilitating the development of the bourgeoning of the field by recognizing these trends and understanding that future groundbreaking behavioral science research would require an interdisciplinary approach to overcome the inherent research limitations of any one discipline.

The Science of Neuroeconomics MIT Press was published in and is often identified as the first book to use the word Neuroeconomics. In , he founded the Center for Neuroeconomics at NYU——the first such research entity devoted to the field——while also serving as the founding president of the Society for Neuroeconomics.

In he served as lead editor along with Colin Camerer , Ernst Fehr , and Russell Poldrack of the first textbook dedicated to the discipline of neuroeconomics: Neuroeconomics Decision-Making and the Brain , Elsevier. The survey will study tens of thousands of Americans for decades, much like past longitudinal studies——such as the Framingham Heart Study ——except that the scope of measurements and disciplines covered by The HUMAN Project eclipse any past biomedical or behavioral research longitudinal study.

In , in light of governmental fiscal austerity for basic research at all levels, Glimcher founded Human Project Inc. His research merges psychological and economic models with computational neuroscience, including pioneering uses of fMRI function magnetic resonance imaging for behavioral science, to understand how value is encoded in the brain and how the brain uses those neural representations of value to guide decision-making; for example, how the brain carries out delay discounting or action-selection in the face of both risk and ambiguity.

His most notable contributions are in: In , with neuroscientist, Michael Platt, Glimcher was the first to demonstrate a utility-like value signal in the brain of a living creature.

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