Handelsbilanz und realer Wechselkurs

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Retrieved on July 8, In , the primary economic concerns focused on: Harding's policies reduced taxes and protected U. It has been suggested that this article be merged into Foreign trade of the United States. Trade Balance with World Seasonally Adjusted ".

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The BIS hosts nine international organisations engaged in standard setting and the pursuit of financial stability through the Basel Process. Die Globalisierung hat das Verhältnis zwischen Handelsbilanz und realem Wechselkurs auf zweierlei Weise beeinflusst. Zum einen hat sich der Handel innerhalb von Branchen ausgeweitet. Dadurch reagiert die Handelsbilanz sensibler auf Veränderungen des realen Wechselkurses.

Zum anderen wird diese Reagibilität durch ein höheres Mass an vertikaler Spezialisierung und durch globalere Lieferketten wieder vermindert. Die relative Bedeutung dieser beiden Faktoren unterscheidet sich von Land zu Land. Gemäss den in diesem Feature präsentierten Schätzungen könnten Veränderungen des realen Wechselkurses beim Abbau des US-Handelsbilanzdefizits eine grössere Rolle spielen als bei der Verringerung des chinesischen Handelsbilanzüberschusses.

Damit bestätigt sich, dass eine Anpassung der realen Wechselkurse nur teilweise zur Behebung der globalen Ungleichgewichte beitragen kann. Sie muss von anderen wirtschaftspolitischen Massnahmen begleitet werden.

This website requires javascript for proper use. Retrieved on July 8, The Economist , April 7, Retrieved March 12, Navarro's comments drew skepticism from trade experts and economists across the political spectrum, who said that line of thinking on economics was flawed. Economists say trade deficits aren't an indication of good or bad economic times, but rather a function of savings and investments. The United States enjoyed a stellar trade surplus during the Great Depression in the s, for example.

Trump rails against trade deficit, but economists say there's no easy way for him to make it go away". At a conference Monday morning in Washington, Peter Navarro, the director of Trump's National Trade Council, reiterated the administration's focus on the trade deficit. The Trump administration policy is one of "free and fair and truly reciprocal trade that begins and ends with the belief that bilateral trade deficits do indeed matter", he said.

Many economists disagree with this claim, saying that the factors behind the trade balance can be complex — and that the trade deficit is far from the best economic metric for policymakers to target In an interview Monday, Angus Deaton, who won the Nobel Prize for economics in , called the administration's attitude on trade deficits "an old-fashioned mercantilist position". Economists say, who cares? The New York Times.

The vast majority of economists view it differently. In this mainstream view, trade deficits are not inherently good or bad. They can be either, depending on circumstances. Bush State of the Union. Retrieved on April 17, Retrieved on June 28, Trade Balance with World Seasonally Adjusted ". Retrieved October 17, Retrieved from " https: United States trade policy Foreign trade of the United States.

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